City of the Future (after Tarkovsky’s Solaris)
City of the Future (after Tarkovsky’s Solaris) – Installation views
San Francisco, California
Notes on the Future – project notes
1. The place that you set out for is never the place you end up.
2. This particular “future,” presented at SOMArts Gallery, began when I bought a copy of the 17th century alchemical text titled, Atalanta fugiens.
Michael Meyer’s alchemical emblem book Atalanta fugiens was first published in Latin in 1617. It was a most amazing book as it incorporated 50 mysterious emblems with epigrams and a commentary. It extended the concept of an emblem book by incorporating 50 pieces of music—the ‘fugues’ or canons. In a sense it was an early example of multimedia.
3. My project started out with the idea of creating an installation that situated: 1) contemporary ideas of science and technology, and current ideas of subjectivity—specifically sexuality, gender and identity against the backdrop of 2) proto-scientific theory manifested in 17th century alchemy and its contemporaneous ideas about the soul and spiritual transformation.
4. During the time that I was reading, thinking, and developing the idea for this installation I kept returning to Tarkovsky’s 1972 film classic, Solaris, and the novel that inspired it by Stanislaw Lem.
4.1 Solaris: Plot Summary. Psychologist Kris Kelvin is assigned to investigate a space station near the mysterious oceanic planet Solaris. Kelvin arrives at the space station and gradually discovers that the alien ocean can produce physical replications of people from the darkest places of our consciousness–visitors.
Kelvin’s deceased wife turns up and they begin a complex relationship that forms the narrative “body” of the film. Later, the only two other humans on board the station who have been encountering nightmarish “visitors” of their own persuade Kelvin to transmit his brain waves towards the ocean in hopes of neutralizing its effects. Eventually, the “visitors” disappear along with Kelvin’s re-created wife. The two surviving members of the original crew escape; but Kelvin decides to stay behind on the planet where he comes to terms with this mysterious being as he merges within its solipsism.
5. In the process of developing this piece I used a type of “free-association” research that lead me on odd pathways through early alchemy, contemporary theories of science and technology, science fiction, through utopian systems, cities of the future, polymorphic identities, last but not least – Jaques Lacan’s theory of the Real.
5.1 As the philosopher Zizek describes in an article about Solaris:
Lem himself has stated that this was the intended focus of his novel:
“I only wanted to create a vision of a human encounter with something that certainly exists, in a mighty manner perhaps, but cannot be reduced to human concepts, ideas or images.”
That’s a fair description of the Real in Lacanaian psychoanalysis. Jacques Lacan’s concepts don’t have precise definitions so much as clouds of signifiers, but here are some of the signifiers in my notes for the Real: imperceptible, unsymbolized, ineffable, unimaginable, alien. The Real exists for us only as that which we cannot grasp. And yet, it is out of this unknown that we fashion what we do grasp. For this reason, Lionel Bailly states the following in his introductory text Lacan:
“The Real is the featureless clay from which reality is fashioned by the Symbolic; it is the chaos from which the world came into being.”
6. I wrote a screenplay and created a storyboard for an anime-style re-make of the film. This project, Solaris-Remix, was a queer reading of the narrative where the protagonist and his “visitor” were male lovers. The story generally followed the plot line of the book and film but was structured as a series of transmissions (from the planet) that would be presented as a serial video project to be viewed on the Web. The intention was to cause—by the simple gender flip of the main characters—a ripple through the narrative, in order to reveal what I consider part of the generative dynamic of the text—that part of the narrative from which the central theme flows and becomes accessible—embodied in the relationship of protagonist and his visitor; staged on the technological world of the space station; and set in motion by an unknowable presence (the planet).
6.1 In performing the gender flip, it was not my intention to “gay” the film but to “queer” it by destabilizing the dynamic between the astronaut, the visitor, and the planet.
7. But I realized two things after writing the original treatment for the video: 1) that the project was much greater than I was capable of successfully realizing within the limitations of the funding and timeline for the project; 2) that there would be very real and unwanted copyright struggles with even a humble remaking of this very famous film.
8. So I began thinking about the story and the entire project from a different angle. It was always the tension (the concealed/disclosed nature of Language; the incomprehensibility of the Other, and the confrontation with an ontological understanding of Death) in Solaris that I was getting at anyway. So I began mapping out what would turn out to be the dual channel video projection that is the central element in this exhibition.
9. The actual plot structure of the original text and film faded into the background as the internal machine of the narrative revealed the underlying movement between the symbolic/real, desire/death, technology/power.
10. This is the dia-logical frame that is set between the two screens of the installation.
10.1 City of the Future – Loop. The first video channel presents an animated loop of one of Tarkovsky’s most memorable scenes in Solaris.
This extended scene is from the point of view of a character named Berton (who has recently returned to Earth from Solaris to ask Kelvin for help and to warn him of the dangers of Solaris). The scene is a long car ride into an anonymous city. As a matter of film history, the scene was shot in Tokyo, and although the Japanese city circa 1970 may not look very futuristic to contemporary audiences, its impression on Soviet viewers at the time of the film’s release was probably quite different. This scene became the foundational trope for the video. It sets up the horizon of futurity, and the possibility of unfulfilled expectation that parallels my (rarely seen) video project from 2002 titled, Road to the Spiral Jetty—where a cathartic climax is denied in order to shift the viewers role back upon her/himself.
10.2 Solaris – Loop. The second channel presents a cycle of videos that are titled as follows: Wittgenstein and the Problem of Other Minds; The Color of Water; Docking; Ghosts in the Machine; The Death of Bréton; Mimique; Infinite Loop; Escape Pods; Mourning becomes Ecstatic; and finally. Untitled (Solaris). I am intentionally passing over these pieces in silence and leaving them un-dissected for now.
11. At some point in the making of this video project, I came across a copy of Max Ernst’s, Une Semaine du Boite. Several images from this piece are re-presented in, The Color of Water, section of the Solaris – Loop.
The internal structure at play in the reinterpreted images from Max Ernst’s collage novel depict the relationship of the self within Language—an unstable relationship that can only be represented dynamically in visual or textual tension.
12. I decided to include the traces of my working process as part of the installation as well as a few miscellaneous elements and after-thoughts such as these notes. And so the exhibition includes (along with the dual-channel video projection): a neon sculpture, The Future; a series of reinterpretations of Max Ernst’s collages as digital prints, the screenplay and storyboards for Solaris-Remix; screen grabs from the final video projection piece, City of the Future; images from Michael Meyer’s Atalanta Fugiens; (where this project began) and finally, two small, identical, reproductions of Bruegel’s, Hunters in the Snow—an image that appears during the “weightless scene” in the library of the space station that orbits the mysterious planet, Solaris.
13. This is where I ended up.
14. The City of the Future, is somewhere in the space between these things—where we find ourselves—in the future as well as in the past—in these words and things, and not.